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Prediction of ICRF minority heating schemes for JET D-T experiments

Gallart D.; Mantsinen M.J.; Manyer J.; Planas E.; Taylor D.M.A.; Garcia J.; Frigione D.; Garzotti L.; Kim H.-T.; Nocente M.; Rimini F.; Van Eester D.

Achieving high-performance conditions and maximizing the fusion yield of plasma discharges have been one of the main goals of recent Joint European Torus (JET) campaigns in preparation for its second deuterium-tritium (D-T) campaign. The simulations shown in this work delve into the role of external heating using neutral beam injection (NBI) and radio-frequency waves in the ion cyclotron range of frequencies (ICRF) in order to optimise high fusion performance in the JET tokamak. A baseline discharge with record neutron rate is used as a reference in order to perform a D-T prediction, which considers the NBI+RF synergy. In this work, our focus is on JET’s two main minority schemes, H and 3He. This study tackles the heating mechanisms by which these schemes reach high-performance conditions. The H scheme typically boosts the ICRF fusion enhancement through the second D harmonic heating, whereas 3He minority is characterised by its strong bulk ion heating. Both features are beneficial for increasing the fusion yield. Nevertheless, the minority concentration is a relevant parameter, which needs to be assessed to understand in which concentration ranges the benefits of each particular minority scheme are met. Therefore, the main objective of this work is to assess in which concentration range the ICRF fusion enhancement and bulk ion heating are optimal, for H and 3He, respectively. Under these conditions, our prediction suggests 3He concentration should stay above 1.2% and H should remain below 2.2%.

ID 474775
DOI 10.1088/1361-6587/ac9925
PRODUCT TYPE Journal Article
LAST UPDATE 2022-12-07T16:45:15Z
TITLE Implementation of activities described in the Roadmap to Fusion during Horizon 2020 through a Joint programme of the members of the EUROfusion consortium