In a world increasingly facing new challenges at the forefront of plasma scientific research and technological innovation, CNR and ISTP pledge progress and achieve an impact in the integration of research into societal practices and policy

Integration concept of an Electron Cyclotron System in DEMO

Franke T.; Aiello G.; Avramidis K.; Bachmann C.; Baiocchi B.; Baylard C.; Bruschi A.; Chauvin D.; Cufar A.; Chavan R.; Gliss C.; Fanale F.; Figini L.; Gantenbein G.; Garavaglia S.; Granucci G.; Jelonnek J.; Lopez G.S.; Moro A.; Moscheni M.; Rispoli N.; Siccinio M.; Spaeh P.; Strauss D.; Subba F.; Tigelis I.; Tran M.Q.; Tsironis C.; Wu C.; Zohm H.

The pre-conceptual layout for an electron cyclotron system (ECS) in DEMO is described. The present DEMO ECS considers only equatorial ports for both plasma heating and neoclassical tearing mode (NTM) control. This differs from ITER, where four launchers in upper oblique ports are dedicated to NTM control and one equatorial EC port for heating and current drive (H&CD) purposes as basic configuration. Rather than upper oblique ports, DEMO has upper vertical ports to allow the vertical removal of the large breeding blanket segments. While ITER is using front steering antennas for NTM control, in DEMO the antennas are recessed behind the breeding blanket and called mid-steering antennas, referred to the radially recessed position to the breeding blanket. In the DEMO pre-conceptual design phase two variants are studied to integrate the ECS in equatorial ports. The first option integrates waveguide bundles at four vertical levels inside EC port plugs with antennas with fixed and movable mid-steering mirrors that are powered by gyrotrons, operating at minimum two different multiples of the fundamental resonance frequency of the microwave output window. Alternatively, the second option integrates fixed antenna launchers connected to frequency step-tunable gyrotrons. The first variant is described in this paper, introducing the design and functional requirements, presenting the equatorial port allocation, the port plug design including its maintenance concept, the basic port cell layout, the transmission line system with diamond windows from the tokamak up to the RF building and the gyrotron sources. The ECS design studies are supported by neutronic and tokamak integration studies, quasi-optical and plasma physics studies, which will be summarized. Physics and technological gaps will be discussed and an outlook to future work will be given.

ID 456559
DOI 10.1016/j.fusengdes.2021.112653
PRODUCT TYPE Journal Article
LAST UPDATE 2023-02-06T16:40:18Z
TITLE Implementation of activities described in the Roadmap to Fusion during Horizon 2020 through a Joint programme of the members of the EUROfusion consortium