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Fusion product measurements by nuclear diagnostics in the Joint European Torus deuterium-tritium 2 campaign (invited)

Nocente M.; Kiptily V.; Tardocchi M.; Bonofiglo P.J.; Craciunescu T.; Molin A.D.; De La Luna E.; Eriksson J.; Garcia J.; Ghani Z.; Gorini G.; Hagg L.; Kazakov Y.; Lerche E.; Maggi C.F.; Mantica P.; Marcer G.; Maslov M.; Putignano O.; Rigamonti D.; Salewski M.; Sharapov S.; Siren P.; Stancar Z.; Zohar A.; Beaumont P.; Crombe K.; Ericsson G.; Garcia-Munoz M.; Keeling D.; King D.; Kirov K.; Nave M.F.F.; Ongena J.; Patel A.; Perez Von Thun C.

A new deuterium-tritium experimental, DTE2, campaign has been conducted at the Joint European Torus (JET) between August 2021 and late December 2021. Motivated by significant enhancements in the past decade at JET, such as the ITER-like wall and enhanced auxiliary heating power, the campaign achieved a new fusion energy world record and performed a broad range of fundamental experiments to inform ITER physics scenarios and operations. New capabilities in the area of fusion product measurements by nuclear diagnostics were available as a result of a decade long enhancement program. These have been tested for the first time in DTE2 and a concise overview is provided here. Confined alpha particle measurements by gamma-ray spectroscopy were successfully demonstrated, albeit with limitations at neutron rates higher than some 1017 n/s. High resolution neutron spectroscopy measurements with the magnetic proton recoil instrument were complemented by novel data from a set of synthetic diamond detectors, which enabled studies of the supra-thermal contributions to the neutron emission. In the area of escaping fast ion diagnostics, a lost fast ion detector and a set of Faraday cups made it possible to determine information on the velocity space and poloidal distribution of the lost alpha particles for the first time. This extensive set of data provides unique information for fundamental physics studies and validation of the numerical models, which are key to inform the physics and scenarios of ITER.

ID 472269
DOI 10.1063/5.0101767
PRODUCT TYPE Journal Article
LAST UPDATE 2023-01-12T10:01:18Z
TITLE Implementation of activities described in the Roadmap to Fusion during Horizon 2020 through a Joint programme of the members of the EUROfusion consortium