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Characterization of X-Ray Events in a Vacuum High Voltage Long-Gap Experiment

Spagnolo S.; Pilan N.; De Lorenzi A.; Fontana C.L.; McCormack O.; Muraro A.; Croci G.; Gobbo R.; Gorini G.; Grosso G.; Fincato M.; Lotto L.; Martines E.; Pino F.; Rigamonti D.; Rossetto F.; Spada E.; Tardocchi M.; Zuin M.

The high voltage Padova test facility (HVPTF) is an experimental device for the study of HV insulation in vacuum, in support of the realization of the prototype of a neutral beam injector for International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), named megavolt ITER injector and concept advancement (MITICA). The facility investigates the physical phenomena underlying voltage holding in vacuum, in particular the mechanisms causing breakdowns and the electrode conditioning process. At HVPTF, inside a high vacuum chamber, two stainless steel electrodes, separated by a few centimeters gap, can achieve HV values for a maximum potential difference of 800 kV. During the voltage conditioning of the electrodes, current MicroDischarges (MDs) and high-energy X-rays are observed and analyzed. In this work, we present a characterization of the MD dynamics occurring during the conditioning process, with the aim to gain information on the reason of the growing difference between the current contributions measured by the two electrodes. The analysis will be performed due to two new X-rays detectors recently installed: an lutetium yttrium orthosilicate (LYSO) and a LaBr 3 (Ce) scintillating crystal. The new diagnostics indeed provide the fine dynamics of a single MD, recording energy and time of each single detected X-ray. In particular, we compare the MD dynamics at the beginning and at the end of the conditioning process and try to give a preliminary interpretation of the observations.

ID 473031
DOI 10.1109/TPS.2022.3214934
PRODUCT TYPE Journal Article
LAST UPDATE 2023-01-19T12:03:26Z