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Interaction of high-energy neutral beams with Divertor Tokamak Test plasma

Vincenzi P.; Agostinetti P.; Ambrosino R.; Bolzonella T.; Casiraghi I.; Castaldo A.; De Piccoli C.; Granucci G.; Mantica P.; Pigatto L.; Snicker A.; Vallar M.

The Divertor Tokamak Test (DTT) is a new, super-conducting device, being constructed in Frascati, Italy. DTT will be capable of plasma operations at high density and high heating power, in conditions relevant to address the power exhaust issue in support of ITER operation and DEMO design. DTT foresees the installation of a mix of auxiliary heating systems to couple up to 45 MW to the plasma, including Neutral Beam Injection (NBI). The neutral beam injector is currently being designed, aiming at delivering tangentially to the plasma neutral particles at energy of 510 keV, with a total power of ~10 MW. In the present work, we apply for the first time the orbit-following Monte Carlo code ASCOT to DTT, in order to analyse with more details the interaction of the high-energy beam, described in real geometry beamlet by beamlet, and the plasma. The results of the simulation give an insight of the behaviour of beam energetic particles in DTT. Thanks to the flexibility of DTT, different plasmas can be generated, e.g. in terms of plasma shape due to different divertor concepts. We present the comparison of two cases with different plasma vertical positions and we analyse the effect on beam absorption in the plasma. We then present a sensitivity scan on plasma density, to verify the coupling of beam power at densities lower than the reference target scenario. These investigations are crucial to provide feedback and suggestions to DTT design and to assess the beam fast ion physics for plasma scenario developments.

ID 477073
DOI 10.1016/j.fusengdes.2023.113436
PRODUCT TYPE Journal Article
LAST UPDATE 2023-07-03T09:38:06Z