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Heat loads on the accelerator grids of the ITER HNB prototype

Pimazzoni A.; Agostinetti P.; Aprile D.; Serianni G.; Sartori E.; Veronese F.; Veltri P.

Among the heating and current drive system which are being developed for the ITER experimental reactor, 2 neutral beam injectors with a power of 16.5 MW each will be based on the acceleration of H-/D- ions up to the energy of 870 keV / 1 MeV. Dealing with an accelerated beam power up to 40 MW, beam divergence, aiming and homogeneity have to be optimized to avoid damaging the beamline components or the grids of the accelerator. The design of the ITER HNB prototype, MITICA, was based on the coupling of several codes starting from experimental inputs available at that time. Heat loads, in particular, were estimated by the 2D version of the code Monte Carlo particle tracing code EAMCC. In the last years, a 3D version of the same code was developed and the operation of negative ion sources for fusion increased the knowledge concerning those parameters which are fundamental to estimate the expected heat loads. In this work, calculations are performed by EAMCC3D and the role of different source and accelerator parameters, such as the negative ion temperature and the beam halo, is highlighted.

ID 479180
DOI 10.1016/j.fusengdes.2023.113621
PRODUCT TYPE Journal Article
LAST UPDATE 2023-06-30T12:11:44Z
TITLE Implementation of activities described in the Roadmap to Fusion during Horizon 2020 through a Joint programme of the members of the EUROfusion consortium