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First results from beam emission spectroscopy in SPIDER negative ion source

Barbisan M.; Zaniol B.; Pasqualotto R.; Serianni G.; Ugoletti M.

The SPIDER experiment, part of the neutral beam test facility at Consorzio RFX (Padua, Italy), is the prototype of the negative ion source for the ITER neutral beam injectors; the source is coupled to a 100 kV three-grid acceleration system. A beam emission spectroscopy (BES) diagnostic was installed in SPIDER to study and optimize the energy distribution, aim, uniformity and divergence of the H-/D- beam extracted from the source. The diagnostic is based on analysis of the Doppler shifted H? /D? light emitted in the interaction between the beam particles and the H 2/D 2 molecules of the background. In 2019 the BES diagnostic in SPIDER was installed and calibrated, allowing us to characterize the first hydrogen beams extracted from the SPIDER source, in cesium-free conditions. The number of active beamlets of which the beam was composed was reduced from 1280 to 80, affecting the BES diagnostic capabilities. This paper presents the BES diagnostic setup and discusses the first collected results. Under limited extracted current density (~10 A m-2) and ion energy (35 keV), no significant vertical beam deflection caused by the magnetic filter field in the source was detected. In some cases the beamlets were observed to be elongated in the horizontal direction; beamlet divergence values down to 20 mrad and 30 mrad e-folding were measured in the vertical and horizontal directions, respectively; the intensity of the Doppler shifted radiation was found to be strongly correlated to the beam current and to the beam divergence. The progressive compensation of beamlet deflections (caused by electron suppression filter fields), with increasing voltage in the extraction gap, was studied.

ID 459493
DOI 10.1088/1361-6587/ac2eb2
PRODUCT TYPE Journal Article
LAST UPDATE 2022-04-12