In a world increasingly facing new challenges at the forefront of plasma scientific research and technological innovation, CNR and ISTP pledge progress and achieve an impact in the integration of research into societal practices and policy

Experiments on negative ion sources at the NIO1 installation

Cavenago M.; Barbisan M.; Delogu R.; Pimazzoni A.; Poggi C.; Antoni V.; Baltador C.; Cervaro V.; Jain P.; Laterza B.; Maero G.; Maniero M.; Martini D.; Martini D.; Minarello A.; Ravarotto D.; Recchia M.; Romé M.; Taccogna F.; Ugoletti M.; Variale V.; Veltri P.; Serianni G.

Conference: 46th European Physical Society Conference on Plasma Physics (EPS 2019), , Milan, Italy , 8-12 July 2019 Year: 2019
ISTP Authors:
Vanni Antoni
Gianluigi Serianni
Francesco Taccogna
Mauro Recchia
Moreno Maniero

Keywords: , , ,
Research Activitie:

Negative ion sources are a critical component of neutral beam injectors NBI (used for stellarator and tokamak heating and current drive), due to the stringent requirement current density, beam divergence and operational stability. In support to the NBI development, a relatively compact 9 beamlet H- source (named NIO1, for negative ion optimization phase 1) was developed in close collaboration between Consorzio RFX and INFN, and is operated since 2014, for studying the influence of magnetic field configuration and other conditions on extracted beam. A robust rf system (amplifier can tolerate the load mismatch at plasma onset) and strong water cooling of the ion source and accelerator allow CW operation of the beam, well over the one hour pulse length required by ITER. A dedicated Cs oven (including a hot closure valve) was verified in separated test stand, where final calibrations are in progress, for installation in NIO1. Effects of several magnetic field configurations were studied in NIO1 in pure volume production conditions, which in principle should guarantee long term stability of extracted beam; spontaneous and unexpected fluctuations of plasma regime (with time scale in the order of minutes, or tens of minutes) were sometimes observed, and partly related to several changes in operational procedures (history of pressure changes). As a general trend, the typical source perfomances improve with strength of the magnetic field filter (with collected data spanning from 1 to 12 mT), which also helps to reduce the coextracted electron current. Evolution of diagnostic and simulation development is also summarized in this contribution: the beam images taken by two orthogonal cameras and the beam optics simulation are in fair agreement. Some development of energy recovery system and related full power beam calorimeter are also noted. More detailed modelling of source plasma will benefit from data of Cavity Ring Down Spectrometer whose installation, nearly finished, is also described.

ID 416307
PRODUCT TYPE Conference Abstract
LAST UPDATE 2023-04-13T17:25:53Z
TITLE Implementation of activities described in the Roadmap to Fusion during Horizon 2020 through a Joint programme of the members of the EUROfusion consortium