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Double Poloidal Field System With Superconducting and Conventional Copper Coils for Induced High Loop Voltage: A New Concept and a Feasibility Study for an RFP FFHR

Piovan R.; Agostinetti P.; Bustreo C.; Cavazzana R.; Escande D.F.; Gaio E.; Lunardon F.; Maistrello A.; Marrelli L.; Puiatti M.E.; Valisa M.; Zollino G.; Zuin M.

The reversed field pinch (RFP) could be a valid basis for the 14.1-MeV neutron source as required in fusion-fission hybrid reactors (FFHRs). The use of superconductors in an RFP reactor, although mandatory in the magnetizing/equilibrium coils, could represent an issue due to their limitations in the allowed magnetic field derivative, which is quite high during the initial plasma current phase of the RFP operation. A new concept is proposed based on a double-coil system: the first made with superconductors and the other with conventional copper coils. The basic principle is first introduced with the help of a simplified model that allows understanding the double-coil system operation. A feasibility study applying this solution has been carried out in the design of the poloidal magnetic system of a pilot RFP (R = 4 m and a = 0.8 m) as a fusion core for an FFHR. This article presents the preliminary results and, in particular, the possibility of obtaining high initial loop voltage for a fast rise of the RFP plasma current with a magnetic field derivative within the superconductor limits.

ID 469431
DOI 10.1109/TPS.2022.3179291
PRODUCT TYPE Journal Article
LAST UPDATE 2023-01-19T11:42:33Z