This paper reports, for the first time on a statistical basis, on the key role played by the Alfvénic fluctuations in modulating the recovery phase of the geomagnetic storms, slowing down the restoration of the magnetosphere toward its pre-storm equilibrium state. Using interplanetary and geomagnetic measurements collected over more than one solar cycle, a high correlation between the durations of Alfvénic streams and concurrent recovery phases is found, pointing to a clear coupling between Alfvénic turbulence and magnetospheric ring current dynamics. By exploiting current solar wind models, these observations also provide space weather opportunities of predicting the total duration of any geomagnetic storm induced by any solar driver provided that it is followed by an Alfvénic stream, a crucial piece of information for ground technologies and infrastructures that are affected by time-integrated effects throughout the duration of the storm.
Alfvénicity-related Long Recovery Phases of Geomagnetic Storms: A Space Weather Perspective
Telloni, Daniele; D’Amicis, Raffaella; Bruno, Roberto; Perrone, Denise; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Raghav, Anil N.; Choraghe, Komal